Tramadol is a generic name for prescription painkillers and is sold under the trademarks Ultram, Conzip, Rybix ODT, and Ultram ER.Doctors prescribed tramadol for moderate to severe pain in adults.Tramadol can be used as a tablet or as a slow-release tablet or capsule for all-weather pain.
It belongs to a class of painkillers called opioid analgesics, which change the way the brain responds to pain. It may The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the Tramadodol brand name Ultram in 1995 for use by pharmaceutical company Janssen Pharmaceuticals.In 2002, the FDA approved tramadol’s generic drugs, and many companies are now producing them.
A 2014 study showed that giving tramadol to people before surgery may help relieve tremor after anesthesia-a common complication for people recovering from general anesthesia View More
Tramadol’s “High” and Abuse
Although tramadol is widely considered safe and has been approved by the FDA, there have been many reports of abuse because the drug may have an opioid effect, giving users a narcotic “high”.In 2010, Janssen and the FDA issued a revised warning about tramadol tablets, advising doctors not to prescribe for people who are suicidal, at risk for addiction, taking sedatives or antidepressants, have problems with alcohol or drugs, and have low or depressed mood Uneasy medicine.According to a report from MedPage Today, tramadol was linked to 20,000 emergency department visits across the country in 2011.In Florida alone, there were 379 overdose deaths involving tramadol in 2011, a significant increase from the 106 deaths in 2003.As a result of these and many other events, the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classified tramadol as a controlled substance in 2014, placing stricter control over drugs.
Tramadol may increase the risk of seizures.This can happen in normal doses, but it is more likely if you take more tramadol than prescription drugs.You may be at greater risk if you are taking antidepressants or other opioid analgesics. You may also be at risk if you have a history of seizures, drug use or alcohol or depression.People who commit suicide or are addicted should not take tramadol. People with a history of emotional disorders, including depression or alcohol, should consider taking non-narcotic painkillers.Because tramadol increases serotonin levels in the brain, if you use tramadol in combination with other drugs that increase serotonin levels (especially antidepressants), you may face what is called “5 -Serotonin syndrome “risk.Symptoms of serotonin syndrome include agitation, fever, nausea, muscle stiffness, lack of coordination and / or loss of consciousness.Tramadol may develop a habit. Taking large doses of tramadol for long periods of time may make you drug resistant and dependent.This means that if you stop taking tramadol suddenly, you may experience withdrawal symptoms, including sweating, nausea, muscle aches, insomnia, tremors, and anxiety.Tramadol may cause decreased breathing capacity, a condition called respiratory depression. Taking too much tramadol may be life-threatening.You may be at risk of respiratory depression if you use other opioid analgesics, street drugs, alcohol or sedatives, or if you have a history of head trauma or increased brain pressure.If you have severe asthma or any lung problem that causes breathing problems, you may not be able to take tramadol.
Before starting tramadol, also tell your doctor if you have or have ever had any of the following diseases:
- Head injury or stroke
- Liver disease, such as liver damage caused by cirrhosis or past disease
- Digestive system diseases or problems such as constipation
- Kidney disease or related issues
- Any mental health condition, such as depression, bipolar disorder or other
- Suicidal thoughts
- Brain infection or brain tumor
- Drug or alcohol history
Pregnancy and tramadol:
Tramadol may cause harm to developing fetuses.
If you are female, tell your doctor if you are pregnant. If you become pregnant while taking tramadol, tell your doctor immediately.
In addition to the risk of endangering fetal development, tramadol can cause dangerous withdrawal symptoms in newborns.
Tramadol also gets into breast milk, so do not breastfeed while taking tramadol.
Tramadol should not be taken by anyone under the age of 16.